Courses:-

PROPOSAL FOR STATING VOCATIONAL COURSES
UNDER
BHARAT SHIKSHAN MANDAL
---------------------------

  It is proposed to start some Vocational Training Courses, under a separate cell under Bharat Shikshan Mandal. We can consider starting these courses in the academic year 2014-15/2015-16.

PURPOSE

It is observed that a fairly large number students drop-out after 8th, 9th,or after they fail in 10th or 12th exam., either because they have no liking for formal education, failure at exams., financial incapability, family problems, etc.
These students are a miserable lot in terms of employability, and have virtually none or remote possibility to get a regular earnings job-to make a living/support family. They would normally end –up doing sundry jobs, with uncertain employment (or no employment guarantee), as casual labour, with no job security, low wages and no advancement prospects.

The vocations considered here are those for which there is a good employment/self-employment potential. These jobs are primarily related to construction industry and factory work. We read in papers that building construction work, in particular, suffers for want of skilled workmen.

It is also observed that some of these students, who have no liking for formal education or just manage to pass their exams, could have aptitude for learning vocational skills and can become good skilled workmen.
If such students can be helped to acquire basic training in some vocational skills, their employability/self-employability can drastically improve and they can lead a better life.

This, in short, is our purpose in proposing to start such vocational training courses.

WHAT COURSES?

We are considering courses,
1.  For which there is a wide-based demand.
2. Skills which can be quickly absorbed by students with low learning capabilities
3. for students who have low aptitude for Formal education, but who have aptitude for learning vocational skills
4. Where our one-time investment in infrastructure, tools/tackle is not very high
4. Where expendable/consumable materials are not very costly.

To start with, we propose to conduct the following courses:

  1. Plumbing
  2. Carpentry
  3. Electrical-basically wiring related
  4. Welding


We propose to start with 2 or 3 courses and add on new courses as we gain experience and stabilize.
More courses can be consider as we go along, gain experience and identify suitable new skills. Later on we can also consider courses specifically meant for girls/ladies.

COURSE SYLLABLES

We propose to follow course syllables as prescribed for similar courses in Govt. run Vocational Training Institutions and prepare the students adequately to appear and pass the examinations conducted by the empowered Govt. agencies (if these students are permitted to appear as external students).Till we such a registration, we may have to tie up with a private technical training institution for conducting examinations and issue their certificate. In case we opt for affiliation with the Pradhan Mantri Kaushalya Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), the course syllabus for each skill shall be as per their syllabus.

TREATMENT OF TEACHING

The emphasis here will be on practical training, backed-up by requisite theoretical background. The training therefore shall be a mix of class-room and hands-down training (4 clock-hours per day, 5 days a week)* 4 months. Four hours per days comprising one hour theory and three hours practicals. (20days in a month*4 months =80 days-6 public holidays=74 days, i.e.74 theory hours and 222 hrs of practicals) or per the hours specified for theory/practicals by PMKVY.
OR
(4 clock-hours per day, 5 days a week)* 6 months=120days-8 public holidays=112 days, comprising 112 theory hours and 336 hours of practicals.
For theoretical training, we will have to take help of engineers/professionals/retired teachers from ITI or Govt. Technical Training Institute, etc and for practical training, retired instructors from ITI/Govt technical school/operating experienced hands.
We have to identify suitable personnel.

INFRASTRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS AND ESTIMATED COSTS
For the above type of courses we should need the following:

 A - ONE TIME CAPITAL COST

  1. Eight sturdy  work tables, for carpentry, plumbing, wiring practicals
  2. Two new welding sets with welding cables, clamps, etc
  3. Carpentry tools, masonry tools, welding tools and safety equipment, electrical tools (six sets each)
  4. First supply of bricks/concrete blocks, cables/wires, cement/sand/gravel, various sizes/types of pipes lengths, various pipe-fittings
  5. Table/chairs/blackboards for instructors (two tables+4 chairs+ one black board)

B - RECURRING COST

  1. One room of approx 1000 sft for practicals(in-door)
  2. One class-room for theory classes
  3. Open space with roof for civil/plumbing/ welding practicals
  4. Materials store room
  5. Cloak Rooms


COST ESTIMATES

A.ONE TIME CAPITAL COST

Sr. No.

Item of cost

Estimated costs

1

Shed with roof and partial side covering only, approx. 1000 sqft, @Rs 1000.00, per sqft                                         Rs.1800000

2

Eight sturdy fabricated Work Tables, Rs 30000 each

Rs.240000

3

Welding Sets, with about 10m welding cable/clamps, etc Rs 85000 * 2

Rs.170000

4

Tables, chairs, blackboard, 2*10000+ 4*4000 + 1 * 4000

Rs.40000

6

 First supply of consumable material, lump sum                           

Rs.75000

7

Sundry items, not mentioned above, lump sum  

Rs.50000

 

TOTAL

Rs.2775000

B.RECURRING COSTS

a) Each course of 4 months duration-recurring costs

Sr
no

Item of cost

Estimated costs

Annual cost

1

Consumables, replacements, lump sum, per annum,

 

Rs 70000

2

Electricity

 

Rs60000

3

REMUNERATION

 

 

 

4

Theory classes, 74hours @ Rs250 per hour                  

Rs 18500                 

 

5

5 vocations

Rs 92500

 

6

Two batches per year                                                                     

 

Rs 185000

7

Practicals. 222 hours per month @ Rs 200 per hour

44400

 

8

5 vocations                                                                      
two batches per year                                                                      

Rs222000

 

9

two batches per year                                                                      

 

Rs 444000              

10

TOTAL

 

Rs 759000

b) Each course of 6 months duration-recurring costs

Sr
no

Item of cost

Estimated costs

Annual cost

1

Consumables, replacements, lump sum, per annum        

 

Rs 105000

2

 Electricity

 

Rs 90000

3

REMUNERATION

 

 

 

4

Theory classes, 112 hours @ Rs250 per hour,                   

Rs 28000

 

5

5 vocations,5*28000

Rs 140000

 

6

Two batches per year                                                                     

 

Rs 280000

7

Practicals. 336 hours per month @ Rs 200 per hour

Rs 67200

 

8

5 vocations                                                                     

Rs336000

 

9

two batches per year                                                                      

 

Rs 672000             

10

TOTAL

 

Rs 1147000

C. RECURRING ANNUAL COSTS

Sr
no

Item of cost

Annual cost
A(four months course)

Annual cost
B (six months course)

1

Return on investment, @ 15% on Rs 2775000

Rs416250

416250

2

Recurring cost

Rs 759000

1147000

 

Repair/maintenance and Sundry expenses, lump sum                                        

Rs 100000

 150000

 

TOTAL

1275250

1713250

To be recovered from fees for Break-even

If we have 20 students per class, total student in
A year 20*5*2=200

Courses of 4 month duration

Break-even fees, per student per class of 4 months duration (1275250/200),  Rs 6376.25(rounded to Rs 6400).

Courses of 6 month duration

Break-even fees, per student per class of 6 months duration (1713250/200) Rs 8566.(rounded to Rs 8600).

We propose to charge an administrative fee of 15%, to cover cost of employing an Administrator and administrative expenses. For the purpose of viability, we assume 75% of the available seats to be filled-up.

With this, the proposed break-even fees would be (Rs6400*1.15)/0.75=Rs 9813 (rounded to 9900) and (Rs8600*1015)/0.75=Rs 13186 (rounded to Rs 13200.00)

Even after due consideration to the financial capability of the parents of such students, the fees of Rs 9900/13200 for course duration of 4/6 months appear reasonable, considering the earning potential of these students after they successfully complete the course. This will generate revenues from fees to make this venture self sufficient. It is taken note of that in the first 3 or 4 courses the student strength may not reach 150/200 mark and that the Mandal may have to subsidize the short fall between costs and revenues.

To sum-up, to make this project financially viable we will need one time investment of Rs 2775000  and have to incur recurring costs of Rs 1275250/1713250 and charge fees of Rs 9900/13200, per course.

We are in the process of securing affiliation with PMKVY. If we are selected as their Training Partners, the fees or amount payable will be worked out as per guide-lines and is expected to be much low. This will of interest to many more prospective students.

MESSAGE TO INTERESTED STUDENTS/PARENTS

The message as to our proposal to start vocational courses should reach properly to the students who are likely to be interested in vocational training. Considering the age group, physical capabilities (height, weight, physical fitness, dexterity to do physical labour, etc) the target students could be those appearing 10th, failing at SSC/HSC exams, and where the possibility of their getting good marks and pursuing further education are less. We can also consider drop-out students, if they meet the fitness requirements. Before the commencement of the annual exam of-10th/12th, we should talk to these students conveying them purpose and prospects, etc to seek how many students would be interested and then we talk to the parents. By this we can get a fair idea of   response. They should also be told of course duration/hours likely fees, etc.   
 

 D S Patwardhan
Revised 16.10.2016

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