PROPOSAL FOR STATING VOCATIONAL COURSES
UNDER
BHARAT SHIKSHAN MANDAL

It is proposed to start some Vocational Training Courses, under a separate cell under Bharat Shikshan Mandal. We can consider starting these courses in the academic year 201415/201516.
PURPOSE
It is observed that a fairly large number students dropout after 8th, 9th,or after they fail in 10th or 12th exam., either because they have no liking for formal education, failure at exams., financial incapability, family problems, etc.
These students are a miserable lot in terms of employability, and have virtually none or remote possibility to get a regular earnings jobto make a living/support family. They would normally end –up doing sundry jobs, with uncertain employment (or no employment guarantee), as casual labour, with no job security, low wages and no advancement prospects.
The vocations considered here are those for which there is a good employment/selfemployment potential. These jobs are primarily related to construction industry and factory work. We read in papers that building construction work, in particular, suffers for want of skilled workmen.
It is also observed that some of these students, who have no liking for formal education or just manage to pass their exams, could have aptitude for learning vocational skills and can become good skilled workmen.
If such students can be helped to acquire basic training in some vocational skills, their employability/selfemployability can drastically improve and they can lead a better life.
This, in short, is our purpose in proposing to start such vocational training courses.
WHAT COURSES?
We are considering courses,
1. For which there is a widebased demand.
2. Skills which can be quickly absorbed by students with low learning capabilities
3. for students who have low aptitude for Formal education, but who have aptitude for learning vocational skills
4. Where our onetime investment in infrastructure, tools/tackle is not very high
4. Where expendable/consumable materials are not very costly.
To start with, we propose to conduct the following courses:
 Plumbing
 Carpentry
 Electricalbasically wiring related
 Welding
We propose to start with 2 or 3 courses and add on new courses as we gain experience and stabilize.
More courses can be consider as we go along, gain experience and identify suitable new skills. Later on we can also consider courses specifically meant for girls/ladies.
COURSE SYLLABLES
We propose to follow course syllables as prescribed for similar courses in Govt. run Vocational Training Institutions and prepare the students adequately to appear and pass the examinations conducted by the empowered Govt. agencies (if these students are permitted to appear as external students).Till we such a registration, we may have to tie up with a private technical training institution for conducting examinations and issue their certificate. In case we opt for affiliation with the Pradhan Mantri Kaushalya Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), the course syllabus for each skill shall be as per their syllabus.
TREATMENT OF TEACHING
The emphasis here will be on practical training, backedup by requisite theoretical background. The training therefore shall be a mix of classroom and handsdown training (4 clockhours per day, 5 days a week)* 4 months. Four hours per days comprising one hour theory and three hours practicals. (20days in a month*4 months =80 days6 public holidays=74 days, i.e.74 theory hours and 222 hrs of practicals) or per the hours specified for theory/practicals by PMKVY.
OR
(4 clockhours per day, 5 days a week)* 6 months=120days8 public holidays=112 days, comprising 112 theory hours and 336 hours of practicals.
For theoretical training, we will have to take help of engineers/professionals/retired teachers from ITI or Govt. Technical Training Institute, etc and for practical training, retired instructors from ITI/Govt technical school/operating experienced hands.
We have to identify suitable personnel.
INFRASTRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS AND ESTIMATED COSTS
For the above type of courses we should need the following:
A  ONE TIME CAPITAL COST
 Eight sturdy work tables, for carpentry, plumbing, wiring practicals
 Two new welding sets with welding cables, clamps, etc
 Carpentry tools, masonry tools, welding tools and safety equipment, electrical tools (six sets each)
 First supply of bricks/concrete blocks, cables/wires, cement/sand/gravel, various sizes/types of pipes lengths, various pipefittings
 Table/chairs/blackboards for instructors (two tables+4 chairs+ one black board)
B  RECURRING COST
 One room of approx 1000 sft for practicals(indoor)
 One classroom for theory classes
 Open space with roof for civil/plumbing/ welding practicals
 Materials store room
 Cloak Rooms
COST ESTIMATES
A.ONE TIME CAPITAL COST
Sr. No. 
Item of cost 
Estimated costs 
1 
Shed with roof and partial side covering only, approx. 1000 sqft, @Rs 1000.00, per sqft 
Rs.1800000 
2 
Eight sturdy fabricated Work Tables, Rs 30000 each 
Rs.240000 
3 
Welding Sets, with about 10m welding cable/clamps, etc Rs 85000 * 2 
Rs.170000 
4 
Tables, chairs, blackboard, 2*10000+ 4*4000 + 1 * 4000 
Rs.40000 
6 
First supply of consumable material, lump sum 
Rs.75000 
7 
Sundry items, not mentioned above, lump sum 
Rs.50000 

TOTAL 
Rs.2775000 
B.RECURRING COSTS
a) Each course of 4 months durationrecurring costs
Sr
no 
Item of cost 
Estimated costs 
Annual cost 
1 
Consumables, replacements, lump sum, per annum, 

Rs 70000 
2 
Electricity 

Rs60000 
3 
REMUNERATION



4 
Theory classes, 74hours @ Rs250 per hour 
Rs 18500 

5 
5 vocations 
Rs 92500 

6 
Two batches per year 

Rs 185000 
7 
Practicals. 222 hours per month @ Rs 200 per hour 
44400 

8 
5 vocations
two batches per year 
Rs222000 

9 
two batches per year 

Rs 444000 
10 
TOTAL 

Rs 759000 
b) Each course of 6 months durationrecurring costs
Sr
no 
Item of cost 
Estimated costs 
Annual cost 
1 
Consumables, replacements, lump sum, per annum 

Rs 105000 
2 
Electricity 

Rs 90000 
3 
REMUNERATION



4 
Theory classes, 112 hours @ Rs250 per hour, 
Rs 28000 

5 
5 vocations,5*28000 
Rs 140000 

6 
Two batches per year 

Rs 280000 
7 
Practicals. 336 hours per month @ Rs 200 per hour 
Rs 67200 

8 
5 vocations 
Rs336000 

9 
two batches per year 

Rs 672000 
10 
TOTAL 

Rs 1147000 
C. RECURRING ANNUAL COSTS
Sr
no 
Item of cost 
Annual cost
A(four months course) 
Annual cost
B (six months course) 
1 
Return on investment, @ 15% on Rs 2775000 
Rs416250 
416250 
2 
Recurring cost 
Rs 759000 
1147000 

Repair/maintenance and Sundry expenses, lump sum 
Rs 100000 
150000 

TOTAL 
1275250 
1713250 
To be recovered from fees for Breakeven
If we have 20 students per class, total student in
A year 20*5*2=200
Courses of 4 month duration
Breakeven fees, per student per class of 4 months duration (1275250/200), Rs 6376.25(rounded to Rs 6400).
Courses of 6 month duration
Breakeven fees, per student per class of 6 months duration (1713250/200) Rs 8566.(rounded to Rs 8600).
We propose to charge an administrative fee of 15%, to cover cost of employing an Administrator and administrative expenses. For the purpose of viability, we assume 75% of the available seats to be filledup.
With this, the proposed breakeven fees would be (Rs6400*1.15)/0.75=Rs 9813 (rounded to 9900) and (Rs8600*1015)/0.75=Rs 13186 (rounded to Rs 13200.00)
Even after due consideration to the financial capability of the parents of such students, the fees of Rs 9900/13200 for course duration of 4/6 months appear reasonable, considering the earning potential of these students after they successfully complete the course. This will generate revenues from fees to make this venture self sufficient. It is taken note of that in the first 3 or 4 courses the student strength may not reach 150/200 mark and that the Mandal may have to subsidize the short fall between costs and revenues.
To sumup, to make this project financially viable we will need one time investment of Rs 2775000 and have to incur recurring costs of Rs 1275250/1713250 and charge fees of Rs 9900/13200, per course.
We are in the process of securing affiliation with PMKVY. If we are selected as their Training Partners, the fees or amount payable will be worked out as per guidelines and is expected to be much low. This will of interest to many more prospective students.
MESSAGE TO INTERESTED STUDENTS/PARENTS
The message as to our proposal to start vocational courses should reach properly to the students who are likely to be interested in vocational training. Considering the age group, physical capabilities (height, weight, physical fitness, dexterity to do physical labour, etc) the target students could be those appearing 10th, failing at SSC/HSC exams, and where the possibility of their getting good marks and pursuing further education are less. We can also consider dropout students, if they meet the fitness requirements. Before the commencement of the annual exam of10th/12th, we should talk to these students conveying them purpose and prospects, etc to seek how many students would be interested and then we talk to the parents. By this we can get a fair idea of response. They should also be told of course duration/hours likely fees, etc.
D S Patwardhan
Revised 16.10.2016 